Deeds and Land
1906 Ionia County Plat Map - Loads
of information including the date the person came to the county, their occupation, and in
some instances, name of spouse. Pictures of some are also available. Many
thanks to Cindy Bryant for all of her work in getting this information
transcribed from the atlas!
Here is a website that
will help you to understand land grants and deeds. http://www.outfitters.com/genealogy/land/
Eastern States Bureau
of Land Management - http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/
Michigan has just one
meridian dividing the state into east and west, and one baseline from which the townships
are numbered north and south.
The state meridian, starting at the Ohio state line, is the county line between Hillsdale
and Lenawee Counties. As it moves north, it runs inside several counties, but can also be
found as the county line between the following pairs of counties: Clinton-Shiawassee,
Roscommon-Ogemaw, Crawford-Oscoda and Otsego-Montmorency.
The first township east of the meridian is Range 1 East (or R1E), and they're numbered
consecutively from there. Some townships contain all or part of more than one "survey
township," but the numbering system is uninterrupted regardless of legal township
names or boundaries.
The state baseline is a lot easier. It's Eight Mile Road in the Detroit area, also the
northern county line of Wayne County. This line runs all the way across the state as the
northern county line of the following counties: Wayne, Washtenaw, Jackson, Calhoun,
Kalamazoo and Van Buren.
The first township north of the baseline is Township 1 North (or T1N).
The system is generally written "township" (north or south) then
"range" (west or east).
Each standard "survey township" is six miles by six miles (36 square mile
sections), so you can use townships to roughly estimate distances. Somerset Twp. (T5S,
R1W) in Hillsdale County is just west of the meridian and about
24 miles south of the baseline (there are 4 survey townships between it and the baseline).
The northeast point of Isle Royale is in T67N, R33W, or about 396 miles north of the
baseline and 192 miles west of the meridian.
So, in Kent County, Bowne Township in the southeast corner is T5N, R9W, and the other
townships would be numbered to the west and north from there.
Executive Producer, Kephart & Associates (www.kephart.com)
Editor & Publisher, BLUEWATERTODAY.COM (www.bluewatertoday.com)
County Coordinator, St. Clair Genealogy/MIGenWeb
Last update 1/5/2008